Nosebleeds happen relatively often and can be scary especially when it happens for the first time. It is mostly harmless, but there are situations when you need to see a doctor. It occurs more often in children and the elderly, especially during viral epidemics. You should know how to give yourself and others first aid because the procedure is very simple and effective.
What are nosebleeds?
We must not forget about the blood vessels, which are very well supplied with blood and are located close to the surface. In case of any irritation, a large amount of mucus is produced, which expels irritants from the body. There are two categories of nosebleeds. In the first category, over ninety percent of them arise in the front part of the nose, the outlet of the septum, or, less often, the front ethmoid part. The second category of nose bleeds are local conditions such as idiopathic, traumatic, inflammatory, or nasopharyngeal cancer.
How to stop a nosebleed?
You should sit with your head down and breathe calmly. There are several different methods you can use, all depending on the type of bleeding. For example, with minor bleeding, you should breathe in and out through your nose several times. Clear your nose gently and use some nasal decongestant. You will use your thumb and forefinger to pinch the nose in the front parts and hold it in that position for five minutes or longer. The ENT specialist in Singapore shared more on nosebleeds with us and told us you should not use gauze or any other material without professional help. If nothing changes after half an hour, see a doctor.
What are the causes of nosebleeds?
What should you do if your nose bleeds? Do not panic if this happens to you, because there is no reason to panic. You will not bleed out even when there is a lot of blood involved. It’s actually a small amount of blood that can’t harm you, and the mess is easy to clean up after you’ve stopped the bleeding. There are many causes that you can suspect. For example, you may have high blood pressure, so the capillaries have burst. This is also the most common reason. Aggressive picking of the nose or injuries can also injure the blood vessels, as it is a physical action.
Due to dry air, the mucous membrane becomes fragile and breaks. Do not forget about nasal infections, as well as chemical irritants. If you have a cold and often clean your nose, pay attention to how you do it. Then you can very easily injure the blood vessels. Circulation or blood-thinning drugs prolong any form of bleeding, including nosebleeds. In the elderly, they are usually the result of atherosclerosis or bleeding disorders. The solution to these problems is the care of the nasal mucosa. Avoid all products and habits that can hurt her, let her recover for a day and you will see results.
Should I see a doctor?
There is a difference between the previously mentioned causes and more serious ones. For example, bleeding from the front of the nose will stop quickly. However, bleeding from larger blood vessels will last longer and will require a doctor’s examination and treatment. You should contact your doctor if you cannot stop the bleeding after 15 minutes or if your blood pressure suddenly rises. Also, seek help if you are on medication or feel a lot of blood coming down your throat. Although you shouldn’t have any fear, you need to be aware of all the possibilities.
Blood can appear regardless of the indication, and sometimes it is a consequence of dry air. Then the symptom disappears spontaneously. Unfortunately, it can also be a consequence of a serious disease such as a brain tumor. This would mean that it spread to the nose as well because the nasal cavity and the cranial cavity are very close. There are different types of tumors that affect this part of the face. Whether they are malignant or benign, such as juvenile angiofibroma, bleeding can be a symptom. Finally, if this is not the first time you have had such symptoms, be sure to contact your doctor.
Why is it important to stay calm when you have a nosebleed?
As you know, stress will not fix anything, and in this case, it can only make the situation worse. Excessive agitation affects heavier bleeding. Try to do everything you can to stop the nosebleed and get comfortable. Then, contact your doctor if the condition does not improve. Parents have the biggest problem because younger children are very active and more susceptible to injuries than older ones.
That is why this is a common occurrence in the age group of three years and beyond. The site is very unpleasant, but in most cases, you have no reason to worry. If there was no physical impact, it is probably due to dryness of the mucous membrane or damage to the capillaries in the front part of the nose. It could also be an infection or a cold.
How to stop nosebleeds in children?
Place him in a sitting position with his head slightly tilted forward. If it’s easier for you, lay him on your lap and let him rest his back against you. Close both nostrils tightly with the thumb and forefinger and explain to the child to breathe through the mouth. Press the center of the nose, and after ten minutes release the nose. If the bleeding has stopped, the child can return to his activities.
If nothing has changed after ten minutes, repeat the procedure. After twenty minutes, it’s time to seek medical attention, as there are several ways for a doctor to stop the bleeding. It is important that the child does not remain in a lying position, because the head thrown back causes blood to flow into the throat.
If bleeding still persists, it may be best to visit your local Paediatric ENT.
So we all know what a nose is. It serves us to detect smells, but it also represents a chamber or inlet valve for the respiratory tract. One of the important functions of this part of the body is to warm the cold air we breathe and moisten it.
To avoid bleeding, use humidifiers such as bowls of water or electrical appliances. Several times a day, you can use a saline solution for the nose, as well as ointments for the care of the nasal mucosa.